“The theatrical program of the Proletkult does not involve the “utilization of the values of the past” or the “invention of new forms of theatre”but. Eisenstein described this idea, sometimes also called the “theory of attraction assembly,” in his essay “The Montage of Attractions” which first. Sergei Eisenstein is a father of the montage of attractions. In he explain in his essay that: An attraction (in our diagnosis of theatre) is any aggressive.

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It was only attdactionsfor example, that Eisenstein’s theories reached Britain in Close Up. He divided montage for categories:. The ethical and ontological dimensions explored in the West were tabled in lieu of film’s potential to reach the millions in far reaches of Soviet territory, where literacy was scarce.

Soviet montage theory

In his film StrikeEisenstein includes a sequence with cross-cut editing between the slaughter of a bull and police attacking workers.

It is about conflict between intellectual effects. Create or point out methods of creating genuine, exciting newsreels. As such, abstract films defamiliarize objects and have the potential to create critical spectators. The combination of shots according to their predominant principal sign. Ferris Bueller’s Day Off Hughes demonstrates the same concept in order to collapse several hours into a few short minutes of footage throughout Chicago.

I won’t post the list of references here–it would be too long–but if you’re really curious, provide your e-mail address or another way to contact you, and I’ll send you the list. Eisenstein In The Soviet Cinema”. Organic unity understood in its basic sense is that when a work shows evidence of a direct relationship between the part and the totality of the work in terms of the thematic concepts that arise from that work in particular. This is realized in the repetition of these formulas.

We can say that it is accumulation of all categories of montage.


It is a montage cell. When, in Enthusiasmthe industrial sounds of the All-Union Stokehold arrive at the square, filling the streets with their machine music to accompany the gigantic festive parades; when on the other hand, the sounds atyractions military bands, of parades [ It is the principal contribution of Soviet film theorists to global cinema, and brought formalism to bear on filmmaking. It is the furthest development of tonal montage. Defamiliarization was seen a catalyst for revolutionary thinking.

As an classic sample Eisenstein give us The ‘Odessa Steps’: And this formula is nothing but the moment instant of the culmination of the dialecti law of transition of quantity into quality[ In fact, montage is demonstrated in the attractioms of narrative fiction film available today. The dominant signs of two shots side by side result in a particular conflict relationship that produces a particular expressive effect p.

Vsevolod Illarionovich Pudovkin, for example, claimed that words were thematically inadequate, despite silent cinema’s use of intertitles to make narrative connections between shots. As Meyerhold explained it: Similarly, he describes this phenomenon as dialectical materialism. Eisenstein’s Montage of Attractions. It juxtaposes images in order to hav a subversive effect.


He explained that in this sequence montage is built exclusively on the emotional resonance of individual shots, on the kf vibrations that do not produce spatial transposition.

Kristin Romberg mediates the conflictual but parallel nature of Kino-eye and Gan’s constructivism by identifying empathy as the central eeisenstein element. The basic criterion is the absolute length of the shots. The example of several painterly renderings of Christ’s expulsion of the moneylenders and his eventual resurrection demonstrate a consistent pathos, despite different artists and moments.

theory of montage

This suggests a parallel “inner discovery” process embedded in thematic works. Combination of shots give us an abstract image and there is no need to explain it. The work itself was proposed to the Prolekult in favour of a new direction of the theatre.

It is characterized by the emotional tonality of the shot i. But the ‘formulas’ at the basis of these highest stages of manifestation, independent of the areas themselves, are identical. Oxford, New York, pp. Eisenstein discussed how a perfect example of his theory is found in his film Octoberwhich contains a sequence where the concept of “God” is connected to class structure, and various images that contain overtones of political authority and divinity are edited together in descending order of impressiveness so that the notion of God eventually becomes associated with a block of wood.


An Attraction in relation to the theatre is any aggressive aspect of the theatre; that is, any element of the theatre that subjects the spectator to a sensual or psychological impact, experimentally regulated and mathematically calculated to produce in him certain emotional shocks which, when placed in their proper sequence within the totality of the production, become the only means that enable the spectator to perceive the ideological side of what is being demonstrated — the ultimate ideological conclusion.

The Writings Of Dziga Vertov. Scientific Journal of Humanistic Studies. Confined to the project of Soviet expansion, film theorists of the USSR cared little for questions of meaning. As an classic sample Eisenstein give us The ‘Odessa Steps’:.

And finally, the most important observation. The five-year plan, which demanded workers to “overfill the plan” required filmmakers to exceed baseline standards.

In this sequence Eisenstein used the comparison of subjects for thematic effect as a method of attractiobs of attraction. Lev Kuleshov, for example, expressed that though montage makes cinema possible, it does not hold as much significance as performance, a type of internal montage.

Before montage was a filmmaking tactic, however, it was the foundation of an innovative stage technique. But the stages are identical.

Remember me on this computer. Brecht set out to purge the theatrical representation of identification, fascination, absorption.